What Makes Us Human?

The question “what makes us human?” can appear like one of those mind numbingly esoteric exercises a philosophy professor would put his poor students through. Along the lines of “what makes a circle a circle?” Just something to make the brain chase its tail, leaving it exhausted and no better for the endeavour. Yet, as I hope to demonstrate, there is no other question that can be more dangerous to you and me if it is not answered correctly. Whether or not you are protected from your government or are stripped of all your rights by your government depends on the answer to the question “what makes us humans?” Are we biological machines, different from other machines only by our carbon-backed molecules and degree of complexity? If so, we will suffer a fate similar to machines when we lose our usefulness to our society: the refuse pile. Continue reading “What Makes Us Human?”

Natural Selection: What Is It? Does It Have Limits?

Most people are familiar with the term “natural selection.” Most people can even use it in a phrase:

“How do I know Darwin was right? Well, natural selection of course!”

However, most people can’t describe precisely what it is or how it works. Let alone discuss its limitations. Continue reading “Natural Selection: What Is It? Does It Have Limits?”