We are told that random, by chance mutations and natural selection can explain the origins of DNA and life itself. Is this true? Join us as we examine Richard Dawkins’ explanation on this topic.
Josh Shoemaker and Gary Braness have edited a book by several scientific contributors that looks at the insect world and its amazing design, complexity and beauty. They graciously sent me an advanced copy for my review. I highly recommend their work. You can purchase it on Amazon or at Lampion Press. The following blog post is based on their work.
As humans we often get lost in our own world forgetting that, in terms of sheer numbers, we are a minority of the Animal Kingdom. Tiny creatures make up the vast portions of the food chain and ecosystem, and far from being simple, they are themselves micro robots filled with genetic information and complex biological systems. Let us take a crash course in the study of the ocean of micro machines we call the insect world. Continue reading “Insects & Intelligent Design”
During a television interview, Richard Dawkins was asked point blank for a single example in which a mutation had increased the information in any piece of DNA under the sun. By “increase,” we do not simply mean the repetition of pre-existing information (e.g.: complete extra copy of the 21st chromosome which causes Down’s Syndrome) but new, innovative programming. For example, the appearance of the genetic information required to introduce a never-before seen body part such as wings, horns or gills. Or even something more subtle such as webbing between fingers or different retinal cells in the back of the eye. Or heck, something ever more subtle than that. Anything! See Dr. Dawkins’ reaction below: Continue reading “Examining Dawkins – Part Two: Mutations & Genetic Innovation”
Professor of biochemistry at Lehigh University, Dr. Michael Behe wrote “Darwin’s Black Box” in 1996. A seminal work in support of Intelligent Design, Behe’s book introduced the term irreducible complexity to the debate between proponents of Darwinian evolution and its skeptics. Continue reading “Irreducible Complexity”
Most people are familiar with the term “natural selection.” Most people can even use it in a phrase:
“How do I know Darwin was right? Well, natural selection of course!”
However, most people can’t describe precisely what it is or how it works. Let alone discuss its limitations. Continue reading “Natural Selection: What Is It? Does It Have Limits?”
Binary code language is any “alphabet” made up of only 2 letters. Such systems date back to at least 1679 when a french mathematician by the name of Gottfried Leibniz discovered that using the numbers 1 and 0 could create a mathematical language able to store any amount of information. In our modern day world of computers and software programs, this exact same system is used. The 1’s and 0’s in our hard drives store pictures, videos, text and allow us to Skype each other around the world and play live action video games. This uber-fast and hyper-dense world of information is predicated on the simple but powerful system known as binary code language.
After Leibniz’ work others also utilized the binary code system to transfer information. In 1829, a young blind man by the name of Louis Braille published his work on a two “letter” system of raised and non-raised dots which allowed people to read by rubbing the dots with the tips of their fingers. To this day it is the preferred method of reading for those who’ve lost their sight. Another example of binary code language is the Morse Code. After helping to invent the telegraph machine in the mid 1800’s, Samuel Morse went on to help originate the binary code language of “dots and dashes.” A binary code system that is still in use by aviators and military personal to this day. In short, these small alphabet languages are the most effective information transfer systems we have ever discovered.
Interestingly it was in the 1900’s that mankind looked inward and discovered within his own cells the most information-rich language code system in the known universe: human DNA. Francis Crick and James Watson were two British scientists who uncovered the core of what makes biological organisms tick. And it was reems and reems of information held in a four letter language.
Man had discovered that the principles of mathematics and logic were also the backbone of life itself. Bill Gates, when commenting on DNA stated plainly that it was “like a computer program but far, far more advanced than any software ever created.”(1) Famous atheist biologist Richard Dawkins himself said “the machine code of the genes is uncannily computer-like.” (2)
Deoxyribonucleic Acid, or DNA, is a four letter alphabet comprised of large, interlocking molecules. These macro-molecules connect like lego. Although they are made up of 4 different molecules (adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine), these can only lock together in two types of pairs. Adenine can only bond to thymine (the A-T “letter”) and cytosine only works with guanine (the C-G “letter”). Yet they can be arranged as A-T or T-A as well as C-G or G-C, thus forming a four “letter” alphabet and classifying it as a quaternary code language. Exactly like the 1’s and 0’s of software programming guide every aspect of our video games, internet browsing and computer activity, DNA programs every ounce of our bodies.
In the year 2000, the Human Genome Project was completed. This massive enterprise read every single A-T and C-G letter in human DNA. As a result, we now know that our binary code language is made up of over 3 billion letters or 600,000 pages of information. Our famed encyclopedia Brittanica had 32 books in all. Our DNA represents over 30 times that much information. The color of your eyes, your bone density, the amount of cholesterol you naturally create and almost every conceivable detail that makes you a unique individual is literally written in computer language in your DNA. And every single cell in your body carries a full copy of this massive library in such a small “hard drive” that you could fit tens of thousands of copies on the head of a pin. You would only need one of these micro machines to recreate the blue print for your entire body and chemical make-up.
It is amazing to think that we are super-complex computer programs. The question is then begged, who did the programming?…
(1) Bill Gates “The Road Ahead,” page 188
(2) Richard Dawkins “River out of Eden,” page 17