In Part 1 of our “Islam” series we saw the rise of Prophet Mohammed’s “religious” movement from its roots as a group of highway robbers into a large scale mercenary army. At the conclusion of Mohammed’s life, the Muslim military had conquered the whole of the Arabian Peninsula (modern day Saudi Arabia). Our second installment showed that from Mohammed onward, Muslims continued to conquer the world around them. In fact, from A.D. 632 until 1924, Islam had a conquering empire in each generation. Muslims call their world wide empire a “Caliphate” and its leader is the Muslim “Caliph.” Continue reading “ISLAM Part 6 – Modern Islam”
After Rome destroyed Israel in A.D. 70, the Jews wandered the world for nearly 2,000 years without a country to call their own. Many Jews traveled through Israel and settled throughout its borders (including Jerusalem), but they did not have a nation. It would take the Western world in the 20th century to help birth the State of Israel on May 14, 1948. During the long stretch of orphanage, the Jewish holy land was mainly in the hands of the Muslim world. From A.D. 638 until the end of World War 1, Islamic Caliphates owned and ran the Jewish homeland. Continue reading “ISLAM PART 5: CREATION OF THE NATION OF ISRAEL”
As the Muslim Caliphates expanded their territory across eastern Europe, northern Africa, Spain and many isles in the Mediterranean, the Christian world was seeing its territories fall, one after the other. The third Islamic caliphate, the Abbasid Caliphate (A.D. 750-1298), saw the Muslim Moors cross into Spain and conquer it.
A turning point in western attitudes towards the east came in the year 1009, when the Fatimid caliph of Cairo, al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, had the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem destroyed. His successor permitted the Byzantine Empire to rebuild it under stringent circumstances, and pilgrimage was again permitted, but many stories began to be circulated in the West about the cruelty of Muslims toward Christian pilgrims; these rumors then played an important role in the development of the crusades later in the century. Continue reading “Islam Part 3: The Crusades”